Short History of the Palestine-Israel Conflict

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A short history of the land of Palestine and why supporting Israel matters for America’s future

In 1948, “modern Israel” was established in the “ancient land of Israel” called Palestine today. Jewish ancestors called the “modern Palestine” Canaan, where the Kingdoms of a united Israel (Ancient Israel and Judah) were located. [Ancient EU]

Israel’s capital, Jerusalem, has been conquered more than 40 times. Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Romans, Muslims, Mongols, Ottoman Turks, and the British Empire wanted a piece of it. More than 100 battles have been fought for control of Jerusalem.

The Palestine-Israel conflict centers on three historical events:

  1. God’s promise to Israel and its restoration.
  2. Muslims’ conquest of Jerusalem.
  3. Politics between the Arabs, the west, and the United Nations.
Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives, Frederic Edwin Church More: Original public domain image from Smithsonian

1. God’s promise to Israel

Canaan: The “Promised Land”

The indigenous people of Canaan were never a unified ethnic group and without a ruler until Josua led its conquest around 13 BCE. The land was named after a man called Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10). [Timeline of Israel]

Eventually, Canaan was conquered in succession by the Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Alexander the Great, the Seleucids, and the Roman Empire.

Canaan: The Land of Judeae

Canaan became a Roman province (Land of Judaea) in 63 BCE when Pompey conquered Jerusalem and its surrounding areas. [Britanica 1,2]

Judeae or Judea incorporated Judea, Samaria, and Idumea in ancient Israel. Today, they are internationally recognized as a part of the Palestinian territories.

2. Muslim conquest of Jerusalem.

With very few natural resources, the dry lands of Israel have been the object of empires and nations for thousands of years. But the Muslim conquerors seemed to have cemented their roots in the land of Judea, which we now call modern Palestine.

Islamization of Jerusalem

The Islamization of Jerusalem took more than five centuries. In the early 690s, the Dome of the Rock was built over the Foundation Stone, the site of the historic Jewish Temple. Various Muslim structures were built on the mount, including memorial sites and gates in Israel.

List of Israel’s conquerors

  • Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian periods from 733 BCE to 582 BCE.
  • Persian period from 539 BCE to 347.
  • Greeks (Hellenistic period) from 332 BCE to 144.
  • The early Roman period from 63 to 117.
  • The late Roman period from 130 to 313.
  • Byzantine period from 324 to 629.
  • Early Muslim period from 636 to 968.
  • Fatimid and Seljuk rule from 969 to 1098.
  • Salah al-Din Usuf captured Jerusalem in 1187.
  • Crusader’s period from 1099 to 1250.
  • Khwarezmian Tartars out the Jews in 1244.
  • Ayyubids drove Tartars out in 1247.
  • Mamluks Sultanate ruled from 1250 to 1517.
  • Mongol Empire in 1260.
  • Mamluk period from 1267 to 1496.
  • Early Ottoman period 1516 to 1798.
  • Napoleon’s campaign in 1799.
  • Late Ottoman period from 1821 to 1908.
  • British Mandate of Palestine from 1918-1948.

Emperor Hadrian renames the Land of Judeae

In 132 A.D., Roman Emperor Hadrian renamed Judaea to ‘Syria-Palestina’ after the Bar Kokhba (Jewish) revolt. By the early 1900s, the British referred to it as Palestine. [Britanica]

Jewish-Roman War: Roman Triumphal arch panel at Beth Hatefutsoth museum, showing spoils of Jerusalem temple 81 AD. (Wikipedia)

Muslims conquer Jerusalem

Muslims occupied Jerusalem for 451 years, from 638 until 1099. But it was Saladin, the Muslim Sultan of Egypt and Syria (Ayyubid dynasty), who made history in the Battle of Hattin.

  • Saladin rallied the Muslim world against the (Christian) Crusader army of Europe.
  • He recaptured Jerusalem from the Crusaders in 1187 (the Second Crusade).
  • Saladin ruled vast areas of Egypt, Syria, and Jerusalem.

From the Roman to the Ottoman Empire and the British Empire

From 1516 until the end of World War I, the whole region of western Asia was part of the Ottoman Empire, that include Syria-Palestinia. [IPS]

Judgment for the sins of modern Israel

Although they claim God’s protection, Israel will be judged not necessarily for its land grab but for embracing liberal ideologies such as PRIDE March, SlutWalk, and abortion, which Yahweh despised.

3. The politics between Israel, the United Nations, and the PLO

Partition of Palestine in 1947

Before the partition of Palestine, the British promised to support the establishment of a “national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine under the Balfour Declaration in 1917.

Naturally, what followed was increased hatred for the Jews, not by the Europeans, but this time by its Muslim neighbors.

The League of Nations (United Nations today)

It was endorsed by the Allied powers under the British mandate over Palestine and approved by the newly created League of Nations in 1922. More Jews began to immigrate to the land until the second world war broke out.

The Philippines was the only Asian country to vote in favor of the creation of the State of Israel under UN Resolution 181 in 1947. Israel and the Philippines established full diplomatic relationships in 1957.

Palestinian Liberation Front (PLO)

In 1964, militant Palestinian nationalists formed a united Arab to establish “Palestinian statehood” over the territory of former Mandatory Palestine in opposition to the State of Israel. Fatah leader Yasser Arafat was the first PLO chairman.

Since then, the PLO launched attacks on Israel—but Israel kept on winning.

State of Palestine in 1988

In 1988 the controversial State of Palestine was formally established. It is a de jure sovereign state in parts of the West Bank under the Fatah and the Gaza Strip under Hamas. Both Fatah and Gaza are in a geo-political conflict. [CFR]

It has been a non-member observer state at the United Nations 2012, which 138 countries recognize.

In 2022, the UN recognized Nakba Day, which commemorates the displacement of Muslims in the Palestine area after “modern Israel” was established in 1948.

ETYMOLOGY OF PALESTINE.

Land Grabbers: Does Israel have the right to occupy and expand territory in Palestine? The government has repeatedly justified its occupation and expansion in the land of Judea.

Land Grab: Israel expands its territory in Palestine

The land of Canaan was promised to the Israelites by God, which they occupied for at least 3,000 years. However, not everyone believes in the God of Israel—the reason to invalidate their claim to occupied territories and call it a relentless and illegal “land grab” that Jews justify.

Israel-Arab conflicts and criticism

  • First Arab-Israeli war in 1948 (Palestinian Nakbah to give way to the State of Israel.)
  • Suez Crisis in 1956 (Second Arab–Israeli or Sinai war, Israel joins British and France forces to capture the Suez canal.)
  • Six-Day war in 1967 (Syria bombarded Israeli villages in Golan Heights.)
  • Yom Kippur war in 1973 (Eygpt crosses Suez unto Golan Heights.)
  • Lebanon war in 1982 (After Israel’s withdrawal from Sinai, Israeli bombed Beirut, a PLO stronghold; invaded Lebanon but withdrew in 1985)
  • Second Lebanon War in 2006 (Hezbollah operation against Israel to release Lebanese prisoners.)

IS ISRAEL LAND GRAB LEGAL?

The critical support of the United States

To this date, the number of countries supporting Israel has /dwindled. In 2022, many countries supported Nakba Day, which the UN Assembly voted in favor of.

Nakba Day is literally commemorating Israel’s “destroying, displacing, and killing Palestinians.”

Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, the UK, and the United States were among the countries that voted against it, maintaining a balance and perhaps preventing a major anti-Israel war.

Russia’s coalition with the Arabs vs. the west may lead to a new world war if the US withdraws support to Israel. Without America’s support, it may create a vacuum where Israel is left alone to defend itself using its nuclear weapon.

Israel has a nuclear stockpile of approximately 90 warheads, and using just one can trigger World War III.

Supporting Israel goes with a Jewish prophecy: “Whoever blesses Israel will be blessed,
And whoever curses Israel will be cursed,” Numbers 24:9.

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